Special Issue
  • Measurement and Analysis of the Material Behavior of Corrugated Paperboard for Finite Element Analysis
  • Gyu-Yeol Kang*, Duk-Geun Bae**, Sun-Jong Noh*, Sim-Won Chin*, Woo-Jong Kang***†

  • * Air Solution R&D Lab., LG Electronics
    ** Multi-Material Research Center, Korea Automotive Technology Institute
    *** School of Smart Engineering, Kyungil University

  • 유한요소해석을 위한 골판지 소재의 물성측정 및 분석
  • 강규열*· 배덕근**· 노선종*· 진심원*· 강우종***†

  • This article is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper measures the mechanical properties of corrugated cardboard, an eco-friendly packaging material, and applies these measurements to the MAT_PAPER model in LS-DYNA for finite element analysis. Although MAT_PAPER is primarily designed for modeling the behavior of paper, this research demonstrates its applicability to corrugated cardboard as well. Tensile, compression, and shear behaviors of a corrugated cardboard were measured and analyzed, and based on these results, six yield surfaces were derived and integrated into the MAT_PAPER model. By comparing the finite element analysis of the material tests and the low velocity collapse analysis of the corrugated cardboard square boxes with each experimental results, it was shown that the behavior of corrugated cardboard could be equivalently considered well by the MAT_PAPER model. However, since the model is not rate-dependent, the high strain rate properties of liner materials were measured and used for strain rate correction. Consequently, this matches well with the results of the high-speed compression tests of the corrugated cardboard square boxes.

본 논문에서는 친환경 포장재인 골판지의 기계적 물성을 측정하고, 이를 LS-DYNA의 MAT_PAPER 모델에 적용하여 유한요소해석을 수행하였다. MAT_PAPER는 주로 종이의 거동을 모델링 하기 위한 재료모델이지만 본 연구를 통해 골판지에 대해서도 적용 가능함을 보였다. 인장, 압축, 전단 거동에 대하여 골판지의 방향별 기계적 물성을 측정 및 분석하고, 이를 바탕으로 6개의 항복면을 도출하여 MAT_PAPER 모델에 통합하였다. 재료시험 시편의 유한요소해석과 골판지 사각관의 저속 붕괴해석 결과를 각 실험 결과와 비교함으로써, 골판지의 거동을 등가적으로 잘 고려할 수 있음을 보였다. 그러나 해당 모델은 골판지의 변형률 속도효과를 고려하지 못하므로, 골판지의 원소재인 원심지의 고속물성을 측정하여 이를 보정하였으며, 이에 따라 골판지 사각관의 고속 압괴 실험 결과와 잘 일치함을 보였다.

Keywords: 골판지(Corrugated paperboard), 유한요소해석(Finite element analysis), 재료시험(Mechanical test), 변형률속도(Strain rate)

This Article

Correspondence to

  • Woo-Jong Kang
  • School of Smart Engineering, Kyungil University

  • E-mail: wjkang@kiu.ac.kr