Original Article
  • 3D Weaving Process : Development of Near Net Shape Preforms and Verification of Mechanical Properties
  • Vinzenz Klapper*, **, ***, Kwang-Hoon Jo*, Joon-Hyung Byun*, Jung-Il Song**, Chee-Ryong Joe**†

  • * KIMS, Functional Composites Research Division, Korea Institute of Materials Science, Changwon, Korea
    ** School of Mechanical Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon, Korea
    *** LSTME Busan, Department of Fluid Mechanics, Busan, Korea

  • This article is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The lightweight industry continuously demands reliable near-net-shape fabrication where the preform just out-of-machine is close to the final shape. In this study, different half-finished preforms are made π-beams. Then the preforms are unfolded to make a 3D shape with integrated structure of fibers, providing easier handling in the further processing of composites. Several 3D textile preforms are made using weaving technique and are examined after resin infusion for mechanical properties such as inter-laminar shear strength, compressive strength and tensile strength. Considering that the time and labor are important parameters in modern production, 3D weaving technique reduces the manufacturing steps and therefore the costs, such as hand-lay up of textile layers, cutting, and converting into preform shape. Hence this 3D weaving technique offers many possibilities for new applications with efficient composite production

Keywords: 3D weaving, weave pattern, π-beam, T-joint

This Article

Correspondence to

  • Chee-Ryong Joe
  • School of Mechanical Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon, Korea

  • E-mail: jcr@changwon.ac.kr