Original Article
  • Static Strength of Composite Single-lap Joints Using I-fiber Stitching Process with different Stitching Pattern and Angle
  • Sang-Hoon Song*, Joong-Tak Back*, Woo-Jin An*, Jin-Ho Choi*

  • Research Center for Aircraft Parts Tschnology, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Gyeongsang National University

  • I-fiber Stitching 공법을 적용한 복합재료 Single-lap Joint의 Stitching 패턴과 각도에 따른 정적 강도 연구
  • 송상훈* · 백중택* · 안우진* · 최진호*


Laminated composite materials have excellent in-plane properties, but are vulnerable in thickness directions, making it easy to delamination when bending and torsion loads are applied. Thickness directional reinforcement methods of composite materials that delay delamination include Z-pinning, Stitching, Tufting, etc., and typically Z-pinning and Stitching method are commonly used. The Z-pinning is reinforcement method by inserting metal or carbon pin in the thickness direction of prepreg, and the conventional stitching process is a method of reinforcing the mechanical properties in the thickness direction by intersecting the upper and lower fibers on the preform. In this paper, I-fiber stitching method, which complement and improve weakness of Z-pinning and Stitching method, was proposed, and the static strength of composite single-lap joints using I-fiber stitching process were evaluated. The single-lap joints were fabricated by a co-curing method using an autoclave vacuum bag process. The thickness of the composite adherend was fixed, and 5 types of specimens were manufactured with varying the stitching pattern (5×5, 7×7) and angle (0°, 45°). From the test, the failure load of the specimen reinforced by the I-fiber stitching process was increased by up to 143% compared to that of specimen without reinforcement.

적층복합재는 면내 방향의 물성은 우수하지만 두께 방향의 물성이 취약하여 굽힘, 비틀림하중이 가해질 때 층간 분리(Delamination) 현상이 쉽게 나타난다. 층간 분리 현상을 지연하는 복합재의 두께 방향 물성 보강법으로는 Z-pinning, Stitching, Tufting 등이 있으며, 대표적으로 Z-pinning과 Stitching 공법을 많이 사용한다. Z-pinning 공법은 prepreg의 두께 방향으로 금속 핀이나 카본 핀을 적용하여 보강하는 공법이고, Stitching 공법은 프리폼에 상부 및 하부 섬유를 교차시켜 두께방향으로 기계적 강도를 향상시키는 방법이다.  본 논문에서는 Z-pinning과 Stitching 공법의 단점을 보완 및 개선한 I-fiber stitching 공법을 제안하였으며, 본 공법이 적용된 복합재 Single-lap joint의 정적 강도를 평가하였다. Single-lap joint 시편은 오토클레이브 진공백 공정을 사용하여 동시경화법으로 제작하였다. 복합재 시편 두께는 고정하였으며, Stitching 패턴(5×5, 7×7)과 삽입 각도(0°, 45°)를 변화시켜가며 총 5 종류의 시편을 제작하였다. 시험 결과, I-fiber stitching 공법을 적용한 시편의 파손하중은 보강하지 않은 시편의 파손하중 대비 최대 143% 증가하였다.

Keywords: Stitching, I-fiber, 단일 겹치기 이음(Single-lap Joint)

This Article

Correspondence to

  • Jin-Ho Choi
  • Research Center for Aircraft Parts Tschnology, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Gyeongsang National University

  • E-mail: choi@gnu.ac.kr